I bought a MikroTik RouterBOARD RB751G-2HnD a little while back. Tonight is the first time I power it up and connect to it, examining what it can do, and how to do it. From the outside it’s a nice looking little box, with a seemingly sturdy enough plastic casing with the size of 113x138x29mm. There are holes for passive cooling, some status LEDs, 5 RJ45 ports, and a USB 2.0 port. On the other side there is an antenna connector for an external MMCX antenna.
The labeling on my case is “RouterBOARD 751G”.
The product page says says:
The RB751G is the wireless SOHO Gigabit AP you have been waiting for. It has five Gigabit Ethernet ports, one USB 2.0 port and a high power 30dBi/1W 802.11b/g/n wireless AP with antennas built in.
It’s also possible to connect an external MMCX antenna to replace one of the built in antennas. The device is very small and will look good in any home or office, wall mounting anchor holes are provided.
Package contains RouterBOARD 751G-2HnD in a plastic case and power adapter.
RB751G-2HnD will be available in United States through our Distributor network when FCC certification will be ready, hopefully by the end of March.
|Antenna gain||2×2 MIMO PIF antennas, max gain 2.5dBi; external MMCX option|
|Max Power consumption||13W|
|Power Jack||8-30V DC|
|PoE||8-30V DC on Ether1|
|PCB temperature monitor||No|
|CPU temperature monitor||No|
|RB751G-2HnD @400MHz (5 port test)||64 byte frames||512 byte frames||1518 byte frames|
Powering up and connecting
Alright, we are ready to power it up. The Quick Setup Guide says:
The device accepts powering from the power jack or from the first Ethernet port (Passive PoE):
- DC power jack (5.5mm outside and 2mm inside diameter, female, pin positive plug) accepts 8-30V DC
- The first Ethernet port accepts passive Power over Ethernet accepts 8-30V DC
Under maximum load, the power consumption of this device is 7W
I currently do not have a PoE-switch or any power injector to give the RouterBOARD power on its first ethernet port, which is the 751G’s incoming PoE-port (the so-called “WAN-port”, the uplink port).
(Update: As “P” kindly points out in his comment below, a PoE-switch would not have helped me much, since the RB751G-2HnD does not support 802.3af, only DC-power injected directly on the right pair.)
Instead I connect the DC power adapter to a power outlet, then to the device, and we have blinkenlights!
After that I connect a straight CAT 5 cable to my laptop, and to port 4 (the fifth, rightmost RJ45-port on the device).
My laptop’s eth0 (first Ethernet port) is configured as:
allow-hotplug eth0 iface eth0 inet dhcp
So, I quite immediately get an IP address from the RouterBOARD’s DHCP server:
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr [...] inet addr:192.168.88.254 Bcast:192.168.88.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 [...]
The Quick Setup Guide says:
- Connect your Internet cable to port 1, and LAN computers to ports 2-5
- Set LAN computer IP configuration to automatic (DHCP)
- Default IP address from LAN/WLAN is 192.168.88.1, connect with SSH, Telnet or Winbox tool for configuration. The username is admin and there is no password
- Wireless AP mode is enabled by default, you can connect to the SSID “MikroTik”. Log into your router and configure a WPA wireless password to secure your network
SSH and default configuration
So I connected to it with ssh, without entering a password, and was presented with:
ssh email@example.com MMM MMMM MMM III KKK KKK RRRRRR OOOOOO TTT III KKK KKK MMM MM MMM III KKKKK RRR RRR OOO OOO TTT III KKKKK MMM MMM III KKK KKK RRRRRR OOO OOO TTT III KKK KKK MMM MMM III KKK KKK RRR RRR OOOOOO TTT III KKK KKK MikroTik RouterOS 5.6 (c) 1999-2011 http://www.mikrotik.com/ The following default configuration has been installed on your router: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ether1 is renamed to ether1-gateway DHCP client and masquerade is set on ether1-gateway ether2 is renamed to ether2-master-local and configured as switch master port for ether3-ether5 ether2-master-local and wlan1 are bridged wireless is set as access point in 2412MHz using both chains and extension channel enabled. IP address 192.168.88.1/24 and DHCP server is set on bridge interface P servers address pool is 192.168.88.10-192.168.88.254 '/system default-configuration print' command. To remove this default configuration type "r" or hit any other key to continue. If you are connected using the above IP and you remove it, you will be disconnected. Confirming configuration
As logical minds will conclude from the output, I hit the any key, and continued. One can also observe that the DHCP pool is seemingly assigning addresses to hosts downwards from the pool’s max value, which is a good as any design decision. (Unless it is random, and we were extremely lucky this time to be assigned 192.168.88.254.)
After that I disconnected, and connected again, and was then presented with:
MMM MMM KKK TTTTTTTTTTT KKK MMMM MMMM KKK TTTTTTTTTTT KKK MMM MMMM MMM III KKK KKK RRRRRR OOOOOO TTT III KKK KKK MMM MM MMM III KKKKK RRR RRR OOO OOO TTT III KKKKK MMM MMM III KKK KKK RRRRRR OOO OOO TTT III KKK KKK MMM MMM III KKK KKK RRR RRR OOOOOO TTT III KKK KKK MikroTik RouterOS 5.6 (c) 1999-2011 http://www.mikrotik.com/ [admin@MikroTik] >
A press on TAB reveals the available RouterOS commands:
certificate interface metarouter ppp routing store user export password redo driver ip mpls queue snmp system beep import ping setup file log port radius special-login tool blink led quit undo [admin@MikroTik] >
After a few seconds, TAB-completions and “?” I found:
[admin@MikroTik] > system routerboard print routerboard: yes model: 751G-2HnD serial-number: [...] current-firmware: 2.37 upgrade-firmware: 2.36
The full list of available commands in the root of the command tree is listed with a question mark, “?”, (the first or second button one presses in a terminal when dealing with network equipment, or any system really, if one has worked with any common brand/model/os):
beep -- blink -- certificate -- Certificate management delay -- does nothing for a while do -- executes command driver -- Driver management environment -- list of all variables error -- make error value execute -- run script as separate console job file -- Local router file storage. find -- Find items by value for -- executes command for a range of integer values foreach -- executes command for every element in a list global -- set value global variable if -- executes command if condition is true import -- interface -- ip -- IP options led -- len -- return number of elements in value local -- set value of local variable log -- System logs metarouter -- mpls -- nothing -- do nothing and return nothing parse -- build command from text password -- Change password pick -- return range of string characters or array values ping -- Send ICMP Echo packets port -- Serial ports ppp -- Point to Point Protocol put -- prints argument on the screen queue -- Bandwidth management quit -- Quit console radius -- Radius client settings redo -- Redo previously undone action resolve -- perform a dns lookup of domain name routing -- set -- Change item properties setup -- Do basic setup of system snmp -- SNMP settings special-login -- Special login users store -- system -- System information and utilities terminal -- commands related to terminal handling time -- returns time taken by command to execute toarray -- convert argument to array value tobool -- convert argument to truth value toid -- convert argument to internal number value toip -- convert argument to IP address value toip6 -- convert argument to IPv6 address value tonum -- convert argument to integer number value tool -- Diagnostics tools tostr -- convert argument to string value totime -- convert argument to time interval value typeof -- return type of value undo -- Undo previous action user -- User management while -- executes command while condition is true export -- Print or save an export script that can be used to restore configuration
The first thing one just has to try is of course “blink”:
[admin@MikroTik] > blink duration=1 ;
And it blinks its ACT (Activity) LED! I’m already starting to love this little thing. I guess it does not have any tiny speaker connected, because the “beep” command doesn’t produce any sound, though the command works. (The semicolon above is not necessary, but it is added if TAB-completing. That brings me to another observation, the CLI-interface is very easily understood, beautiful, intuitive, helpful and just.. nice.
Let’s see what IP services it’s running by default (the addition of “detail” doesn’t give more detailed output in this case, but it formats the output better for pasting here, try it without “detail” yourself to see what I mean):
[admin@MikroTik] > ip service print detail Flags: X - disabled, I - invalid 0 name="telnet" port=23 1 name="ftp" port=21 2 name="www" port=80 3 name="ssh" port=22 4 X name="www-ssl" port=443 certificate=none 5 X name="api" port=8728 6 name="winbox" port=8291
Let’s see and confirm if that is the truth, and what the services say:
PORT STATE SERVICE 21/tcp open ftp 22/tcp open ssh 23/tcp open telnet 53/tcp open domain 80/tcp open http 2000/tcp open callbook 8291/tcp open unknown PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION 21/tcp open ftp MikroTik router ftpd 5.6 22/tcp open ssh (protocol 2.0) |_ ssh-hostkey: 1024 [...] (DSA) 23/tcp open telnet Linux telnetd 53/tcp open domain? 80/tcp open http? | robots.txt: has 1 disallowed entry |_ / |_ html-title: RouterOS router configuration page 2000/tcp open callbook?
So, it also runs a DNS server/forwarder, and something on port 2000, by default, which doesn’t show when looking at the services configuration of the device.
[admin@MikroTik] > tool bandwidth-server print enabled: yes authenticate: yes allocate-udp-ports-from: 2000 max-sessions: 100
As you see, it runs some form of bandwidth testing server on port 2000. I have to look into that more another time. It’s documented in their wiki. Perhaps/probably the server and client is proprietary, but we’ll have to investigate further later like I said.
I also noticed that critical log messages are printed to the console (my ssh session). The following happened when I scanned it: (since it has not yet had Internet access it has not had the opportunity to set its clock using NTP yet, if it does by default, and I have not yet set it, if you are wondering)
jan/02/1970 03:54:36 system,error,critical login failure for user anonymous from 192.168.88.254 via ftp
The next thing to check is the web-interface, which is running by default. It looks like this:
When clicking on the WebFig-icon, we are given a login prompt, we log in with the default username “admin”, and no password, and we are presented with:
The configuration hierarchy in the WebFig interface is the same as in the command line interface, and it seems logical, straightforward and clean, as it should be.
I also connected to it over wireless, using the following /etc/network/interfaces configuration:
# MikroTik allow-hotplug wlan0 iface wlan0 inet dhcp wireless-essid MikroTik
On my laptop:
wlan0 IEEE 802.11abgn ESSID:"MikroTik" Mode:Managed Frequency:2.412 GHz Access Point: 00:0C:42:[..] Bit Rate=150 Mb/s Tx-Power=15 dBm Retry long limit:7 RTS thr:off Fragment thr:off Encryption key:off Power Management:off Link Quality=70/70 Signal level=-8 dBm Rx invalid nwid:0 Rx invalid crypt:0 Rx invalid frag:0 Tx excessive retries:0 Invalid misc:0 Missed beacon:0
And on the RB751G:
[admin@MikroTik] > interface wireless registration-table print # INTERFACE RADIO-NAME MAC-ADDRESS AP SIGNAL-STRENGTH TX-RATE UPTIME 0 wlan1 00:21:5D:[..] no -34dBm@HT40-7 36.0... 3m48s
I’m really impressed by the MikroTik RouterBOARD RB751G-2HnD so far, by just looking at it quickly like this. I will lab/play more with it and test out its functions in later articles.
- Examining, configuring and playing with the MikroTik RouterBOARD RB751G-2HnD for the first time
- Securing the MikroTik RouterBOARD RB751G-2HnD (or any RouterOS device) – the bare minimum
I hope this has been informative, and I would like to thank You for reading. Feel free to comment.